18 Mayıs 2009 Pazartesi

Reform as Resistance: Meiji Modernity and Japan's Asian Empire/Aoki Girardelli- May 4,2009

Edo(Tokugawa) Period (1602-1868)
Shôgun - Supreme General
Tennô -Emperor
Daimyô -Feudal Lords
Sakoku(country in chain)
-started gradually 1616
Completed 1641 lasted until 1868 (Meiji Restoration)

Commodore Perry's arrival in Japan

1858-Treaty of Amity and Commerce (US and Japan)

-exchange of diplomatic agents
-Edo, Kobe, Nagasaki, Niigata and Yokohamas opening to foreign trade as ports
ability of United States citizens to live and trade in those ports
-a system of extraterritoriality that provided for the subjugation of foreign residents to the laws of their own consular courts instead of the Japanese law system
-fixed low import-export duties, subject to international control
Similar unequal treaties were signed with Britain, France, Russia and Holland

Black Ships

Meiji Restoration
November 9 1867 Official end of Edo Shogunate: Restoration of Imperial rule (Taisei Houkan)January 3 1868: Emperor fully regained the power
1868 Boshin War (forces from Chôshû and Satsuma vs. ex Shôguns army)
1872Abolition of the Han system
1877 End of Satsuma Rebellion (Seinan Sensou, Southwestern War)
1885 System of Cabinet was adopted
1889 Meiji Constitution (constitution of the Empire of Japan) (1889-1847)
Cf. Kanunuesasi (December 23 1876-1878)
1890 Foundation of the Imperial Diet

Emperor Meiji

1894-95 First Sino-Japanese War
1894 (1899) Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation
(similar treaties were signed with 14 countries including the United States, France, Germany, Russia, Holland and Italy)
1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War